11 Components of Physical Fitness

Jeff AngelOur Personal Fitness Trainers incorporate all components of physical fitness into our clients’ training programs. These components play an important role in one’s daily activities. Improving upon all areas of physical fitness will help you to improve daily activities and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Our latest YouTube videos demonstrate all components of physical fitness in action.

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  1. Agility – The ability to stop, start, and change directions quickly (example: a football player cutting across the field or a gymnast doing a floor routine)
  2. Balance – Controlling body positions while standing still or moving (example: a gymnast on a balance beam or a one leg deadlift pictured here)
  3. Body Composition The ratio of muscle to fat in the body. Body Composition can be measured by skinfold calipers, bioelectric impedence, and hydrostatic weighing.
  4. Cardiovascular Endurance – Engaging in physical activity for long periods of time (example: a cross-country runner or marthon runner) Cardiovascular Endurance can be measured by a stress test on a treadmill or stationary bike.
  5. Coordination – Making movements work together smoothly (example: performing a squat on a BOSU while doing a shoulder press)
  6. Flexibility – Moving joints through a wide range of motion (example: a gymnast doing a leg split) Flexibility can be measured by a sit-and-reach test.
  7. Muscular Endurance – Using muscles repetitively without fatiguing (example: long-distance cycling or using a rowing machine) Muscular Endurance can be measured by a 60 second push-up test.
  8. Muscular Strength – Produces force using muscles (example: performing a bench press or pull-up) Muscular Strength can be measured by performing a 1 rep max test on the bench press.
  9. Power – The ability to use muscle strength quickly (example: plyometric or jumping exercises)
  10. Reaction Time – How quickly an individual responds to a stimulus (example: playing tennis/table tennis or a baseball player swinging at a pitch)
  11. Speed – Performing a movement of covering a distance in a short period of time (example: sprinting or speed skating) Speed can be measured by timing a 40 yard dash.